Hindu Press International


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What is Sanskrit's Status Today?

Posted on 2002/8/9 9:46:02 ( 882 reads )


Source: Hindu Press International





MUMBAI, INDIA, August 5, 2002: A recent BBC report by their correspondent, Sanjeev Srivastava, begins, "One of the oldest languages in the world, Sanskrit, is in danger of becoming extinct in India, the country of its origin. Although most Indian languages still use the basic grammar of Sanskrit, no more than a few thousand people in a country of more than one billion can claim to read, write and speak it fluently." The article goes on to say that Mumbai's Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan has few students for its Sanskrit courses, and that those students face poor job prospects upon graduation. The BBC article states that Sanskrit "lacks relevance," although it fails to mention that the Hindu scriptures are in Sanskrit or that Hindu temple worship is conducted in the language. The article states, "There is a school of thought which believes that teaching and learning Sanskrit is a complete waste of time and resources, especially as most Sanskrit colleges are publicly funded." HPI recalls the origin of this school of thought: the 1835 document entitled "Macaulay's Minute on Indian Education," in which Lord Macaulay argued successfully to curtail British government funding of Sanskrit colleges because "What we spend on the ... Sanskirt colleges is ... a dead loss to the cause of truth." Macaulay added that it would be wrong for the government to "encourage the study of a literature admitted to be of small intrinsic value, only because that literature inculcates the most serious errors on the most important subjects." But modern scholars worldwide find great value in Sanskirt. Click here to view a list of 53 major colleges and universities in the world which have departments of Sanskrit or offer courses in it. They include the great universities such as Harvard, Cambridge, Oxford, Leiden, Oslo, Kyoto (which has a large department), and more. Germany has more universities teaching Sanskrit, 14, than India itself, ten, at least according to this list. The BBC article shows the continued impact of Macaulay's plan set forth 167 years ago to, "form a class who may be interpreters between us and the millions whom we govern [in India]; a class of persons, Indian in blood and color, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals and in intellect." And toward this end, Macaulay argued that ridding India of its great institutions of Sanskrit learning would be a significant step. As a result of his Minute, the British rulers closed all Sanskrit colleges in India except at Banaras. Hindus should not let the same thinking pervail today, rather, India should lead the world in the study of Sanskrit.




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Support Grows for Scrapping Britain's Blasphemy Law

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:49:02 ( 762 reads )


Source: Religion News Service





LONDON, ENGLAND, August 6, 2002: Both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England have announced their support for scrapping the English law against blasphemy and replacing it with a more generalized law against incitement to religious hatred. The present blasphemy law only covers material denying the truth of Christianity, the Bible or the Church of England's Book of Common Prayer. Because it does not apply to non-Christian religions, for example, an effort in 1991 to bring Salman Rushdie's controversial novel "The Satanic Verses" before the courts as a blasphemy to Islam failed. Prosecutions under the current law have been rare. In 1922 a publisher was successfully prosecuted for publishing a pamphlet comparing Jesus' entry into Jerusalem with "a circus clown on a donkey." Since then, the only other prosecution was in 1977 when the editor and publisher of Gay News were successfully prosecuted for publishing a poem suggesting Jesus had been an active homosexual. On appeal, the blasphemy convictions were upheld but the jail sentence was lifted. A committee of the House of Lords is currently considering whether the law should be replaced by a new statute aimed at making "incitement to religious hatred" illegal. The same law, part of English Common Law, is in effect in Trinidad, and possibly other former British colonies, and protects only Christianity.




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Standing Saint Propagates World Peace

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:48:02 ( 785 reads )


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BHOPAL, INDIA, July 31, 2002: Sant Ram Kishore Das Khade Shree Maharaj has never in the past nine years sat or lied down. Originally from Nepal, the 73-year-old saint has pledged to remain standing for at least 14 years for world peace. Sant Ram feels he can remain standing for more than 14 years or even through his entire life. He began his present sadhana, discipline, in Mehsana, Gujarat, in 1993. "The first two years had been excruciatingly tough with my feet swelling up with pain and itching," he said adding, "I keep standing on either foot alternatively through the day and night. And to rest, I place my hands on a swing-like contraption or lean on a pole behind me. The swing also serves as support to sleep." He prefers walking taking rest midway by supporting himself on tree branches on roadsides. Sant Ram annual calendar also includes other pledges like to not speak for five months in a year when he meditates indoors for 22 hours and meets people only for two hours.




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Gujarat Prays to Lord Indra to Revive Monsoon

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:47:02 ( 793 reads )


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AHMEDABAD/VADODARA/RAJKOT, INDIA, August 3, 2002: On the first anniversary of the January 26 earthquake, the Narendra Modi government ordered special prayers to appease the dharti mata. Various organizations all over the state are praying for a revival of the monsoon. People are resorting to several methods to solicit divine intervention to avoid a drought. In Vadodara, plans are underway to bathe an elephant, in Rajkot a round-the-clock yagna, fire ceremony, is going on, and in Ahmedabad farmer leaders have given up food in hopes of bringing in the elusive showers. The Vadodara Municipal Corporation's water supply committee and the Satyam Shivam Sundaram Samiti will conduct Parjanya yagna -- a ceremony where an elephant will be bathed with pomp and fanfare -- while a group of brahmins will invoke Lord Indra.




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Mayor Appalled by Lack of Hygiene in Temple Area

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:46:02 ( 749 reads )


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HYDERABAD, INDIA, July 26, 2002: Heaps of garbage, overflowing drains and filth all around was what the Mayor, T. Krishna Reddy, got to see in the vicinity of the famous Ujjaini Mahankali temple even as the annual Bonalu festivities commence on Sunday. The Mayor warned of stringent action if the "mess was not cleared up immediately." Though officials maintained that elaborate arrangements were being made for the festivities, what the Mayor saw for himself belied those claims. The MCH Additional Commissioner, R.V. Chandravadan, said additional staff were being deployed to ensure sanitation in the vicinity of all the temples in the area. "The sanitary staff will work round the clock in three shifts during the festivities,'' he said. As many as 24 civil works were taken up at a cost of US$10,277.




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NHRC to Study Burden on Schoolkids

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:45:02 ( 722 reads )


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NEW DELHI, INDIA, July 26, 2002: Should corporal punishment be banned in schools? Is the curriculum too much for schoolchildren to bear? Why should children be deprived of the five-day week which their parents enjoy? National Human Rights Commission chairman, Justice (Retired) J. S. Verma, has decided to interact with school-goers at four regional schools run by the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT). Parents of schoolchildren in the Naraina area of New Delhi filed a petition protesting the long school hours, curriculum load, excessive homework even during vacations and corporal punishment in the name of enforcing discipline. Rajendra Kumar, the Delhi government's Director of Education, said despite a total ban on corporal punishment in the capital region's schools, reports of cruelty on children kept coming in. "Teachers need to be trained, made sensitive and more humane towards the needs of children," he said.




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Folk and Tribal Art Preserved at a Privately-Owned Museum

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:44:02 ( 819 reads )


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NEW DELHI, INDIA, July 31, 2002: Precious folk and tribal art from the Punjab and Himachal Pradesh is being preserved and cared for at the House of Folk Art. Originally started by K. C. Aryan, well-known art historian, sculptor and art painter, the museum is now cared for by Mr. Aryan's son and daughter. According to the article, the museum houses a priceless range of folk bronze metal images, precious embroideries, tribal wooden sculptors, folk paintings, playing cards (Ganjifas), manuscript covers, play toys, and potteries in Indus Valley traditions. B. N. Aryan, son of the late K. C. Aryan, says, "My father was concerned with the vanishing heritage of the Indian folk art and initiated to preserve it. People were selling folk items to foreigners for the greed of money without realizing the real value of their national heritage. My father sensed it first and started collecting objects from all over India."




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Hindu Professor to Discuss Religious Tolerance at Vatican

Posted on 2002/8/6 9:43:02 ( 757 reads )


Source: The Star Tribune





MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, June 8, 2002: Anant Rambachan, professor of religion at St. Olaf College, is one of ten religious experts worldwide invited to the Vatican to discuss religious tolerance. Rambachan wants to find constructive solutions to the world's violence by encouraging the world's major religions to find common ground, common voices and common values. When genuine interreligious dialogue begins to happen, he says, then much of the religious rationale for hatred and violence will end. Seven major religious traditions, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism and indigenous religions have been invited by the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue to gather at the Vatican. Rambachan is active in the World Council of Churches. Born in Trinidad, he has been a member of the St. Olaf faculty since 1985. According to its mission statement, "St. Olaf, a four-year college of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, provides an education committed to the liberal arts, rooted in the Christian Gospel, and incorporating a global perspective."




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New York Times Covers Amarnath Pilgrimage

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:49:02 ( 777 reads )


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KASHMIR, INDIA, August 5, 2002: This long New York Times report begins, "Shouting 'Hail Hail Shiva!' thousands of Hindu pilgrims crowded two narrow dirt tracks high in the Himalayan mountains of the disputed territory of Kashmir. Even though the pilgrimage is purely religious, it has not escaped the conflict in this battered territory. The threat of attacks by Muslim separatists who are fighting for an independent Kashmir has turned this once obscure pilgrimage into one of the most closely watched rites in ritual-filled India. In the past two years, Muslim militants have killed more than 40 Hindu pilgrims in attacks on the procession. This year, the Indian government has deployed thousands of policemen and soldiers to protect them."




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Four Religions Plan for Multi-Faith School

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:48:02 ( 801 reads )


Source: The Guardian (London)





LONDON, ENGLAND, July 8, 2002: The Church of England has thrown its weight behind an extraordinary proposal to unite Muslim, Jewish, Christian and Hindu children in the country's first multi-faith secondary school. The plans, backed by leading figures from all four of Britain's main religious groups, are aimed at transforming the image of faith-based education which has been criticized in the wake of last summer's race riots. They hope that the 1,000-pupil school planned for the London borough of Westminster will be the first of a series of similar ventures around the country. Few of the day-to-day details have yet been finalized, but the school's promoters are determined that children from the separate religious traditions will learn, eat and play side by side, although there will be some compromise over religious education and collective worship. Muslim and Hindu parents have long been keen to enroll their children at Anglican schools where they feel religion is taken seriously. A spokesman for the Department for Education said: "It's encouraging to see different faiths working together."




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Hindu Rituals Give Life to Temple

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:47:02 ( 796 reads )


Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel





PEWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, June 30, 2002: When Prem Sharma came to the United States in the 1960s to study at Marquette University's dental school, the Burma native and a handful of Hindu families would hold prayer meetings in their houses for lack of a space to worship. Having long outgrown gathering in basements, a burgeoning Wisconsin Hindu population now has a temple of its own to call home. Sharma shared his joy with dozens of other Hindus flitting about the wooded grounds, as they prepared for the defining moment in the life of the two-year-old temple -- the pran pratishthapana, or the installation of the deities. "It's a matter of great joy and pride for our community," said Sharma, 70, of Milwaukee. "This has been a long time coming." The temple brought in a dozen Hindu priests from across the country to lead pujas for the different deities in the installation ceremonies, addressing the needs of Hindu communities in every part of India. "It has been a most beautiful thing, to watch the whole community come together," temple board member Manju Shah said. "This temple has become the hub of the Indian community."




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On-line Prayer Services Pay Off

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:46:02 ( 719 reads )


Source: Toronto Star





ONTARIO, CANADA, June 30, 2002: When an astrologer warned Anasuya Dhanrajgir that bad luck was on her horizon, she took the road increasingly travelled by modern Hindus. In the old days, the astrologer's advice might have suggested the 39-year-old Anasuya to take a 900-mile journey to a temple on the southern tip of India. Instead, the stage designer and mother of three logged onto the Internet where Hindu temples offer ceremonies. She found that technology offered an easy way to keep the faith, and a new means of communicating with some of her religion's millions deities. The site -- www.prarthana.com -- is named after the Sanskrit word for worship. It offers to conduct prayer rituals for a fee at some 400 temples across India. With the click of her mouse, Anasuya placed an order for a ceremony or puja, which she was told would cost US$25.00. "We performed the puja on Anasuya's behalf," says K. Ganesan, the Web site's founder. The company sent her an e-mail confirming the ceremony had been completed on the proper day. The temple sent Anasuya a parcel with part of the offerings. Ganesan estimates that the number of Web sites offering similar services to Hindus has swelled to 300. Many customers are overseas Indians unable to pray in person at home temples.




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Omaha Restaurant Transformed into Hindu Temple

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:45:02 ( 851 reads )


Source: Omaha World-Herald





OMAHA, NEBRASKA, July 10, 2002: From sunup to sundown, 11 Indian workers commit themselves to the meticulous duty of crafting a Hindu temple. The visiting temple carvers work in a building tucked away in a corner of southwest Omaha. Slowly, the unique temple architecture is distinguishing itself from the area's common strip malls. The renovation is one of two milestones for the Hindu temple, which has been open at 13010 Arbor St. behind a Target store since 1994. In July, the temple welcomed its first full-time priest, which now allows for daily services. The popularity of the Hindu temple, which draws members from eastern Nebraska and western Iowa, is driving the US$1.2 million project. Membership has grown six-fold to 600 families in just five years. To renovate their building, local Hindu leaders turned to India's premier temple architect, V. Ganapati Sthapati. Last March, the carvers, or silpis, took up residence in the Omaha temple, said V. T. Ramakrishnan, the temple's president. Ramakrishnan said a Memorial Day, 2003, service is planned to open the temple.




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Paramhans Opposes High Court Suggestion for Excavation in Ayodhya

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:44:02 ( 754 reads )


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AYODHYA, INDIA, August 3, 2002: Ram Janambhoomi Trust president Mahant Ramchandra Paramhans on Saturday opposed the Allahabad high court's suggestion for excavation at the disputed temple site in Ayodhya. "The makeshift temple cannot be shifted to facilitate excavation as it has been existing there for long and no court or government will be allowed to effect shifting of the deities as it goes against the tenets of Hindu religion," he told reporters in Ayodhya. "there should be no doubt about the existence of the Ram temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya," the Mahant said. The Mahant stated that old artifacts and a carved black stone structure with engraving of Hindu deities were found in the debris of the demolished structure. "These relics are still kept in the custody of the Faizabad district administration," he said. There are procedures for moving temples, including the Deities, but not for the purpose of archeological excavation.




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State-level Autonomous Body Soon to Ensure Temple Rituals

Posted on 2002/8/5 9:43:02 ( 720 reads )


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VIJAYAWADA, INDIA, July 28, 2002: The Endowments Minister, D. Sivarama Raju, on Sunday said that the Government would soon set up an autonomous State level advisory council for ensuring proper conduct of puja, worship, and other rituals in temples as ordained in the scriptures. The proposed advisory council would be filled with Vedic pundits, archakas (priests) and Hindu religious scholars fully conversant with Hindu dharma. The council would advise and supervise the conduct of the rituals that has to be followed by priests in the temples. Speaking to reporters here at Chinna Jeeyar Ashrama, Sitanagaram, the Minister admitted that the need for such an advisory body had become essential in the wake of criticism that many temples were not performing the regular aradhana ceremonies and other rituals as advised in the scripture.




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